This Article examines the strength of arguments concerning the causal connection between racial stigma and affirmative action. In so doing, this Article reports and analyzes the results of a survey on internal stigma (feelings of dependency, inadequacy, or guilt) and external stigma (the burden of others' resentment or doubt about one's qualifications) for the Class of 2009 at seven public law schools, four of which employed race-based policies when the Class of 2009 was admitted and three of which did not use such policies at that time. Specifically, this Article examines and presents survey findings of 1) minimal, if any, internal stigma felt by minority law students, regardless of whether their schools practiced race-based affirmative action; 2) no statistically significant difference in internal stigma between minority students at affirmative action law schools and non-affirmative action law schools; and 3) no significant impact from external stigma.
Houh, Emily; Onwuachi-Willig, Angela; and Campbell, Mary, "Cracking the Egg: Which Came First -- Stigma or Affirmative Action?" (2008). Faculty Articles and Other Publications. 100.