This article proposes that in all international civil litigation federal judges should use international and foreign law pragmatically as an aid to decisions which further the substantive values of "world civil society." These values are similar to those of civil society in a federal republic with an elaborate bill of rights - to preserve voluntary associations of human dignity and enterprise whose spirit transcends the public order of sovereign states.
Christenson, Gordon A., "Federal Courts and World Civil Society" (1996). Faculty Articles and Other Publications. 165.