This Article explores the possibility of shifting the cost of antisocial acts to artists, writers, and musicians when individuals decide to act on a creative artist's suggestions or, in some cases, detailed directions. The Article concludes that, at least in some limited circumstances, the First Amendment should not preclude the imposition of civil liability for those who write and distribute speech that both advocates and facilitates harm to others and proposes the creation of a new category of unprotected speech activity called Harm Advocacy.
Malloy, S. Elizabeth and Krotoszynski, Ronald Jr, "Recalibrating the Cost of Harm Advocacy: Getting beyond Brandenburg" (2000). Faculty Articles and Other Publications. 43.