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This essay, originating in a presentation made at the University of Dayton School of Law's Fallout from the Bailout Symposium on March 20, 2009, first sets forth some comparisons between other recent financial crises and the 2008 financial meltdown. It then provides an assessment of the SEC's role during the financial crisis and concludes with a review of the key provisions of the Obama Administration's proposed financial regulatory reform that affect the SEC and investor protection. The Obama proposal offers no redesign of the SEC, relying instead on SEC Chairman Mary Schapiro's commitment to re-energize and re-commit the agency to investor protection. It remains very much to be seen whether these efforts will be sufficient to protect the retail investor from future fraud and to restore her confidence in the markets.