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The death penalty is not as monolithic as it seems at first glance. A storm of debate has centered on the application of this, the harshest criminal penalty of all, to the mentally ill, mentally retarded, and juveniles. They are our most vulnerable and least culpable citizens. This bibliography consists of annotated references to periodical articles, books, Web sites, and Supreme Court cases that examine the application of the death penalty to juveniles, the mentally ill, and the mentally retarded. It does not include newspaper articles, popular magazines, Web sites that offer no substantive content, or materials that are unobtainable from major research libraries. Due to the vast quantity of material on the death penalty, this bibliography is not comprehensive. Omissions do not necessarily reflect a qualitative judgment about the material omitted.

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