Despite an uptake in legislation criminalizing domestic violence since the 1990’s, women in Latin America still face the highest rates of gender-based and domestic violence of any region in the world. In Central America, two-thirds of female homicide victims are killed because of their status as a woman (also known as “femicide”) and half of women face this fate at the hands of a current or former partner. The violence perpetuates at such an alarming rate because investigations into gender-based violence are nearly non-existent in the region. In 2016, it was reported that up to ninety-eight percent of cases involving femicide and violence against women and girls in Latin America went unpunished.
"Grounds for Asylum: How Victims' Rights Laws Confer Particular Social Group Status to Domestic Violence Victims,"
Immigration and Human Rights Law Review: Vol. 2
, Article 1.
Available at: https://scholarship.law.uc.edu/ihrlr/vol2/iss1/1